Marks of Hinduism in Ancient and Modern Georgia


We, two women are Georgians. Our state is in Caucasia. Georgia is located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Our civilization has 21 centuries history from Christ birth and before that 8 000 years. Georgia is small state, Georgian nation is not much, but we have our own alphabet, language, religion. International researchers provided that first European people lived in Georgia. Our state is famous in the whole world with our wine.  Georgian culture is wide and rich. We have Indian friend, Harbinder Singh Dutt, Friend for whole Georgia. When we met him, we decided to study about India. He talks all times about Indian culture as the oldest civilization. Now we know Mahabharata and other important points about India.

When we understood about Indian Gods, the names were famous for us, because there are the same named Gods in high mountain region in Georgia. We had an idea to start researching. We began and now have striking results. We, Georgians have little India with Indian Gods in one Georgian region…

Readers, Patriot Indians, theologians, historians, Representatives of culture have unique chance to discover little India in little Georgia. Both of us, you and us can search other marks together…

Everything started so, we are still searching and in future? Future and next research is depending on you, our Indians…


Indian mythological deities are observed in one of the gorges of the mountainous region in Eastern Georgia. Religious life in this region is absolutely different from the rest of Georgia’s religious life. Even there is no presence of such deities in parallel valleys.

Georgia is located along the Caucasus Mountains, there always were different civilization and cultures’   ​​influence. Here the influence of Greek and Persian cultures was particularly strong. Western Georgia was Hellenistic.  In Eastern Georgia, Hellenic and Persian influences are observed. There are not compatible Persian or Hellenistic cultures only in Pshav-Khevsureti area.

This region was studied by various ethnologists. However, nobody has ever thought to draws parallel to Indian mythology.

We learnt Hinduism and discovered that the cults of Pshav-Khevsuri shows great similarity to Indian mythology.

Of course, over time they changed the face, but the character and content are still maintained. These cultures still have their followers and these people live in the same manner and traditions. The ancient cults disappeared in other regions of Georgia.

We are volunteer researchers. In order to strengthen our assumption and to obtain evidence, we have made several visits to a particular location. We met with the elders of the valley and collected interesting information for us. We found a lot of interesting details.

From the beginning of the 4th century Georgia has adopted Christianity and Georgian culture was based on Christianity. Polytheism is not character of our culture. However, as we have already mentioned, there is a completely different situation in the valley.

It is noteworthy that according to Georgian historical sources, the Georgian kings have repeatedly invaded to these gorges for Christianity. Nevertheless, this is not a Christian church in the Gorge and there has not been served Christian liturgy. When Russia occupied Georgia in 1921, local population moved in lowland from Pshav-Khevsureti by Communists decision.  Their descendants now are the parish of the Orthodox Church, but it is not hindering factor, to confess polytheism and to return to Pshav-Khevsureti and serve their worship. They are pilgrims when there are divine see celebrations. They are pagans for Orthodox Church.

Indian deities in Pshav-Khevsureti

Deities that are still in this valley and at the same time, the names and the nature likes to Indian Mythological Gods:

  1. Kopala, this goddess in the valley is considered the protector of cow and shepherd. Kopala killed demons who kidnapped the cows and people were on hunger strike. We know that Gopal in Hinduism is Cow Protector too.
  2. There is village and the river named Matura with deity. As it is known, Mathura is the birth place of God Krishna.
  3. There is also a shrine which is called Damaste, we know that Indian word “Namaste” is the Supreme Power. It is noteworthy that the architecture of the above-mentioned architecture, though primitive, reminds us of Tibetan architectural monuments in its form that does not exist in the rest of Georgia.
  4. The goddess Yaksari, People in Pshav-Khevsureti Yakshari is Kopala’s brother-in-law, the same God. Also, Indian word “Akhshar” means “Brahma” in Hindu and also expresses the word “OMM”. The lexicographs Hemchandra and Halaudiusdin have been in the original work of this word. The word “Akhshar” is used in Riga Vedi. There is referred to as water.
  5. The Karate deity, a place where women pray. “Garat” refers to the Parvati.
  6. There is Gudan’s Deity in Pshav-Khevsureti. In Hindu,the word “Gouthan” means an act when someone makes donation for cow.
  7. Jvar-khati, it is necessary attributes and symbols of prayer in Pshav-Khevsureti. In India, the word “Jvar khati” is a holy place where they go to pray.



How did Indian mythological deities come to Georgia?

It is known that in ancient India there was a fight between Brahmans and Kshatriyas. When God Vishnu received Parashurama’s Avatar, who was persecuted and killed Kshatriyas. We know that the mountain of the Caucasus was shelter for Kshatriyas. We believe that this culture was created by them.

The location where Kshatriyas lived call Khevsureti. Which means in Georgian language Suruya’s Valley. But in our opinion the name was formerly called Devsuryeti, main base of this word according to Georgian gramma is Devi, Devi’s Valley. These words Devi and Surya are alive in Georgian surname: Devsuryashvilli.


Handmade Crafts

In the mountainous region, as well as in the rest of Georgia, the art of knitting is widespread. The Khevsurian Ornaments are completely different from others. This ornament is called “Shibi”. The same word in India means the king and the ornament, in the mythology, was the king, the son from Lunar dynasty. According to the myth in Georgia, Shibi offers his flesh to protect the pigeon.



There are culinary dishes in high mountain regions, which were known in ancient Georgia as Atria. The elders said that the recipe of this dish belonged to people who had come from far away. They were saying that way and way travelers did this food and many years ago the name was Kshatriya and not Atria.



Other Indian symbols in Georgia

Also, there is region in South Georgia with name Sabaratiano which means the living place of Bharatas in accordance with Georgian grammar marks and here are surnames:  Barateli and Baratashvili. Indians call their country Barata. Near Sabaratiano is the village Asureti, which means place of Asuriya.  There lived demons with according Georgian myth.  In the same region, is the oldest village Saro, where now is Shiva lingham, Georgians ask to Shiva Children and for this, perform rituals, prayers anoint milk or melted butter. This is nonsense in Christian world. (By this time, we have not been able to investigate information in our location, research needs additional resources).

In contrast of Indian opinion …

In India, it is widely believed that the change of their old name “Barata” by Mongols, the same Moguls. After occupation (in 13th – 14th centuries) Bharata’s new name became India, as place of Hindus Valley. This opinion is expressed Georgian poem, where the word India is mentioned. This poem was written much earlier than Moguls occupied India.

Georgians have a poet of the 12th century, Shota Rustaveli, who is considered to be our garud. He is the author of the poem, Knight in the Panther’s Skin. The extensive poem illustrates the Silk Road Project, the possibilities and benefits of marine and land trade relations.

The expression of Hinduism in Georgian poem

The main actor of the poem Knight in the Panther’s Skin, is clothed with panther’s skins, which will be reflected in the title. This hero reminds us of God Shiva and our assumption is his prototype. Also, unlike the Christian doctrine, the hero asks for help and pray on different planets, which is directly in the hands of Hinduism. In essence, the poem reveals the Hinduism philosophy. Which is absolutely vague and unfamiliar to Georgian literature in the era. There is not mentioned Christ and other Christian or Muslim saints. This is a very wide and deep-seated subject, now we research this point.

Georgian Folklore

Often hear Harry Harra and Chari Rama in Georgian folk songs. As the famous Georgian scientist Ivane Javakhishvili wrote, these words mark to the oldest unknown deities for us. In our opinion, these unknown deities are already familiar, Harry and Rama, Gods of Indians. (Hare Rama)



Georgian-Indian words

Finally, as the world begins to exist in Hinduism, the Word is OMM, which is a collision forces, chaos and anarchy. The word OMM means war in Georgian language. The same collision forces, chaos and anarchy.

There is also an Indian word Samadhi, which means person in meditation condition. The same word Samotkhe in Georgian language means paradise. This is harmonic condition in both cases.  According to Georgian philosophy, Paradise has the following explanation: Samothke (sam othki mean math numbers: 3-sami and 4-otkhi.) Number 3 includes: the soul, the mind, and will see. The number 4 includes elements: air, water, fire, ground. 3 (sam), it expresses masculine origins, 4 (otkhi) expresses matter, feminine origin, with their accession, we get harmonic, perfect spiritual condition, in Hinduism, the same is Shiva and Shakti, joining them to create paradise or harmonious area

Old Georgians in ancient India

In the process of the research we found historical and scientific sources, Georgian warriors were settled in India, and some of them ruled the kingdoms. Who are the descendants of the Georgians in modern India, this is another topic and if it is dying, we can offer you an article …


Authors and Researchers:

Lela Nioradze,

Tamar Buchukuri,

Harbinder Singh Dutt


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